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Test Bank For Human Biology, 11th Edition-Sylvia S. Mader- test bank

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Human Biology, 11th Edition-Sylvia S. Mader- test bank

Chapter 06
Cardiovascular System: Blood
Multiple Choice Questions

1. The major function(s) of the blood include/includes ______.
A. transporting oxygen, hormones, and nutrients
B. carrying waste products
C. regulating body temperatures and pH
D. fighting pathogens
E. all of the above
The major functions of the blood include: transporting oxygen, hormones, and nutrients, carrying waste products, regulating body temperatures and pH, and fighting pathogens.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

2. The two major components of blood are:
A. red blood cells and white blood cells
B. plasma and serum
C. plasma and red blood cells
D. formed elements and plasma
E. platelets and plasma
Formed elements and plasma are the two major components of the blood.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

3. _______ are the most abundant plasma proteins and contribute by establishing the osmotic pressure of the plasma.
A. Fibrinogens
B. Gamma globulins
C. Astrocytes
D. Albumens
E. none of the above
Albumens are the most abundant plasma proteins and contribute by establishing the osmotic pressure of the plasma.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

4. ________________ are plasma proteins that when activated aid in the proper clotting of blood.
A. Fibrinogens
B. Gamma globulins
C. Alpha globulins
D. Albumens
E. Beta globulins
Fibrinogens are plasma proteins that when activated aid in the proper clotting of blood.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.1
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

5. When Jennifer had to receive a gamma globulin shot after being exposed to hepatitis, the gamma globulins were serving as _____.
A. blood clotting agents
B. transport molecules for cholesterol and iron
C. antibodies
D. osmoregulatory molecules
E. all of the above
Gamma globulins serve as antibodies when exposed to hepatitis.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

6. Choose the following substances that you do NOT normally find in blood plasma.
A. dissolved O2, CO2, ions
B. glucose, amino acids
C. urea
D. plasma proteins
E. All of the choices are found in blood plasma.
Dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide, ions. Glucose, amino acids, urea, and plasma proteins are found in the blood plasma

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

7. Which of the following are actually cell fragments and not whole cells?
A. RBCs
B. WBCs
C. platelets
D. albumens
E. globulins
Platelets are cell fragments of whole cells.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

8. RBC’s are better known as ________ and WBC’s are better known as ___________.
A. lymphocytes, monocytes
B. erythrocytes, eosinophils
C. leukocytes, erythrocytes
D. erythrocytes, leukocytes
E. macrophages, neutrophils
RBC’s are better known as erythrocytes and WBC’s are better known as leukocytes.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2 and 6.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

9. __________ give rise to the components of the blood.
A. Megakaryocytes
B. Macrophages
C. Reticulocytes
D. Multipotent stem cells
E. Erythroblasts
Multipotent stem cells give rise to the components of the blood.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: Figure 6.1
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

10. The pH of Karl’s blood was 7.6. The normal ph of blood is about 7.4. As a result, he was suffering from _____.
A. acidosis
B. alkalosis
C. hemophilia
D. leukemia
E. erythroblastosis fetalis
The pH of Karl’s blood was 7.6. The normal ph of blood is about 7.4. As a result, he was suffering from alkalosis.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

11. Mature human red blood cells:
A. have a nucleus
B. are biconcave discs without a nucleus
C. are rare in the bloodstream
D. carry plasma
E. fight pathogens
Mature human red blood cells are biconcave discs without a nucleus.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

12. Hemoglobin is:
A. found in red blood cells
B. an oxygen transporter
C. required for cellular respiration
D. the pigment that makes blood red
E. All of the choices are correct.
Hemoglobin is found in red blood cells, an oxygen transporter, required for cellular respiration, and the pigment that makes blood red.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

13. Granny complained that she has “iron-poor” blood and her low hematocrit confirmed her self-diagnosis. As a result of her condition, the ability of her erythrocytes to carry _____ was reduced.
A. globulins
B. hormones
C. DNA
D. oxygen
E. carbon dioxide
Low hematocrit reduces the ability of erythrocytes to carry oxygen.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

14. Each erythrocyte can carry over a ______ molecules of oxygen.
A. hundred
B. million
C. billion
D. trillion
E. none of the above
Each erythrocyte can carry over a billion molecules of oxygen.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

15. The combination of oxygen and hemoglobin in the lungs forms the bright red molecule:
A. myoglobin
B. oxyhemoglobin
C. deoxyhemoglobin
D. hydroxyhemoglobin
E. None of the choices are correct.
Oxyhemoglobin is the combination of oxygen and hemoglobin in the lungs that forms the bright red molecule.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

16. Hemoglobin that carries carbon dioxide is called _______.
A. oxyhemoglobin
B. betahemoglobin
C. carbaminohemoglobin
D. alphahemoglobin
E. none of the above
Hemoglobin that carries carbon dioxide is called carbaminohemoglobin.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

17. In your body, approximately 2 million erythrocytes are produced per _____.
A. second
B. minute
C. hour
D. day
E. month
In your body, approximately 2 million erythrocytes are produced per second.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

18. The hormone __________ produced in the kidneys stimulates production of red blood cells.
A. carbonic anhydrase
B. prolactin
C. erythropoietin
D. Adrenalin
E. Lipase
The hormone erythropoietin produced in the kidneys stimulates production of red blood cells.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

19. Dr. Childers became enraged when Shannon asked if he could receive erythropoietin to improve his cyclist edge. Using this substance would increase Shannon’s chances for ______________.
A. jaundice
B. kidney failure
C. cirrhosis of the liver
D. thrombus
E. heart failure
Using erythropoietin would increase Shannon’s chances for heart failure.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

20. The newborn exhibited jaundice as the result of ___.
A. the kidneys secreting too little urine
B. the blood being too thick
C. a heart valve disorder
D. failure of the liver to excrete heme
E. low levels of iron in the blood
Jaundice indicates that the liver is failing to excrete heme.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

21. The following are very important in the formation of healthy erythrocytes.
A. Iron
B. Vitamin B12
C. Folic acid
D. all of the above
E. none of the above
Iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid are important in the formation of healthy erythrocytes.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

22. In __________ anemia, stem cell activity is reduced due to inadequate DNA production. It is also found in strict vegetarians.
A. pernicious
B. iron-deficiency
C. folic acid deficiency
D. sickle cell
E. thalassemia
In pernicious anemia, stem cell activity is reduced due to inadequate DNA production. It is also found in strict vegetarians.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

23. Occasionally a patient suffers from traumatic blood loss. It is likely that the patient is suffering from ______ anemia.
A. iron deficiency
B. sickle cell
C. pernicious
D. folic acid deficiency
E. hemorrhagic
Occasionally a patient suffers from traumatic blood loss. It is likely that the patient is suffering from hemorrhagic anemia.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Evaluate/Create
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

24. Pregnant women should have a diet high in ____ in order to reduce the chance for anemia and birth defects in the newborn.
A. Vitamin B12
B. Vitamin C
C. Iron
D. Folic acid
E. Hemorrhagic
Folic acid deficiency in pregnant women can lead to anemia and birth defects in the newborn.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

25. Aged red blood cells are destroyed in the:
A. red bone marrow
B. lungs
C. lymph nodes
D. spleen and liver
E. none of the above
Aged red blood cells are destroyed in the spleen and liver.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

26. In the hereditary disorder _______ red blood cells are misshapen and have difficulty negotiating capillaries. The gene for this disorder is an evolutionary defense against malaria.
A. sickle cell disease
B. hemocytosis
C. anemia
D. hemolysis
E. None of the choices are correct.
In the hereditary disorder sickle cell disease, red blood cells are misshapen and have difficulty negotiating capillaries. The gene for this disorder is an evolutionary defense against malaria.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

27. _____ involves the rupturing of erythrocytes.
A. Achondroplasia
B. Hemocytosis
C. Anemia
D. Hemolysis
E. Cystic fibrosis
Hemolysis involves the rupturing of erythrocytes.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.2
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

28. The production of leukocytes is regulated by _____.
A. rennin
B. erythropoietin
C. colony-stimulating factor
D. folic acid
E. prolactin
The production of leukocytes is regulated by colony-stimulating factor.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

29. The most abundant type of white blood cells that are also the first to respond to an infection are __________. These leukocytes are also polymorphonucleated.
A. neutrophils
B. monocytes
C. basophils
D. lymphocytes
E. eosinophils
The most abundant type of white blood cells that are also the first to respond to an infection are neutrophils.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

30. ________ and ________ are agranular leukocytes.
A. Neutrophils and basophils
B. Lymphocytes and monocytes
C. Eosinophils and monocytes
D. Monocytes and neutrophils
E. Neutrophils and lymphocytes
Lymphocytes and monocytes are agranular leukocytes.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

31. Tom’s allergies were so bad that he went to his physician. Upon analysis of his leukocyte count, his ____ and _____ levels were above normal.
A. Neutrophil, eosinophil
B. Monocyte, megakaryocyte
C. Eosinophil, basophil
D. Lymphocyte, monocyte
E. Megakaryocyte, basophil
Tom’s allergies were so bad that he went to his physician. Upon analysis of his leukocyte count, his eosinophil and basophil levels were above normal.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

32. Monocytes are large lymphocytes that differentiate into _____.
A. megakaryocytes
B. neutrophils
C. globulins
D. macrophages
E. fibrinogens
Monocytes are large lymphocytes that differentiate into macrophages.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

33. B lymphocytes are associated with ________.
A. antibody production
B. megakaryocyte breakdown
C. macrophage production
D. antigen production
E. allergic reactions
B lymphocytes are associated with antibody production.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

34. Cytotoxic T cells have the ability to:
A. produce antibodies
B. physically destroy pathogens
C. increase erythrocyte production
D. stimulate thrombin
E. produce platelets
Cytotoxic T cells have the ability to physically destroy pathogens.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

35. A recent discovery yielded that certain people are immune to HIV. It was determined that they had a mutation of a gene that kept HIV from binding to their ____________.
A. Monocytes
B. Neutrophils
C. Eosinophils
D. Basophils
E. Lymphocytes (T cells)
A recent discovery yielded that certain people are immune to HIV. It was determined that they had a mutation of a gene that kept HIV from binding to their lymphocytes (T cells).

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Evaluate/Create
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

36. Robby could not produce the enzyme adenosine deaminase. As a result, he suffered from ____.
A. mononucleosis
B. cystic fibrosis
C. sickle cell anemia
D. SCID
E. Graves disease
Robby could not produce the enzyme adenosine deaminase. As a result, he suffered from SCID.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

37. Which of the following is not a characteristic of infectious mononucleosis?
A. caused by an Epstein-Barr virus
B. symptoms include fever, sore throat and swollen lymph glands
C. there is uncontrolled white blood cell proliferation
D. active EBV can be passed in saliva
E. the EBV remains within a person’s body for the rest of his/her life
Mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, symptoms include fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands. It can be passed in the saliva and can remain in the body throughout life. It does not involve uncontrollable white blood cell proliferation.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.3
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

38. Mark suffers from nosebleeds and gastrointestinal bleeding due to increased breakdown of platelets outside the marrow. This is called:
A. thrombocytopenia
B. thromboembolism
C. hemophilia
D. prothrombin disease
E. none of the above
Nosebleeds and gastrointestinal bleeding due to increased breakdown of platelets outside the marrow is a condition called thrombocytopenia.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.4
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

39. After blood clots, the yellowish fluid that escapes from the clot is called ________.
A. thrombin
B. fibrinogen
C. serum
D. lymph
E. plasma
After blood clots, the yellowish fluid that escapes from the clot is called serum.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

40. The vitamin necessary for fibrinogen and prothrombin formation (found in green vegetables and released by intestinal bacteria) is:
A. vitamin B
B. vitamin D
C. vitamin A
D. vitamin E
E. None of the choices are correct.
Vitamin K is needed necessary for fibrinogen and prothrombin formation.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

41. The fragmentation of very large megakaryocytes results in the production of:
A. leukocytes
B. erythrocytes
C. albumins
D. platelets
E. globulins
The fragmentation of very large megakaryocytes results in the production of platelets.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

42. The final reaction in blood clotting is:
A. fibrinogen  fibrin
B. platelets  prothrombin activator
C. prothrombin  thrombin
D. plasmin  fibrin
E. none of the above
The final reaction in blood clotting is fibrinogen  fibrin.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

43. Agglutination refers to the process of:
A. production of antibodies
B. destruction of red blood cells
C. development of platelets
D. production of lymphocytes
E. clumping of red blood cells
Agglutination refers to the process of clumping of red blood cells.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.4
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

44. Dr. Nelson explained to Jena and Seth that there was a danger of hemolytic disease of the newborn. This occurs when:
A. the mother is Rh negative, the father is Rh positive, and the baby is Rh negative
B. the mother is Rh positive, the father is Rh positive, and the baby is Rh negative
C. the mother is Rh negative, the father is Rh positive, and the baby is Rh positive
D. the mother is Rh positive, the father is Rh negative, and the baby is Rh negative
E. the mother is Rh positive, the father is Rh positive, and the baby is Rh positive
There is a danger of hemolytic disease of the newborn when the mother is Rh negative, the father is Rh positive, and the baby is Rh positive.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

45. Robby has type B positive blood, thus he will possess:
A. A antigens, antibody B, Rh antigen
B. B antigens, antibody B, Rh antigen
C. B antigens, antibody A, no Rh antigen
D. B antigens, antibody A, Rh antigen
E. B antigens, antibody B, no Rh antigen
Robby has type B positive blood, thus he will possess B antigens, antibody A, and Rh antigen.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

46. Ray is always getting calls to donate blood because he has very rare _____ blood.
A. O negative
B. O positive
C. AB negative
D. B negative
E. A positive
AB negative blood is very rare.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

47. Jennifer possesses type O blood and is considered:
A. the universal donor
B. the universal recipient
C. the universal prothrombin donor
D. the universal plasma recipient
E. the universal plasma donor
Type O blood is considered the universal donor.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

48. Beth’s grandmother lost her second child to hemolytic disease of the newborn. However, _______ was developed during her child bearing years and her third and fourth pregnancies were normal.
A. Interferon
B. Radiation
C. Rho Gam
D. Cadmium
E. Barium
Beth’s grandmother lost her second child to hemolytic disease of the newborn. However, Rho Gam was developed during her child bearing years and her third and fourth pregnancies were normal.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

49. Choose the correct response concerning the ABO blood typing transfusions.
A. Hosts have antibodies only to antigens they lack.
B. Donors’ foreign antigens may cause severe reactions.
C. Host antibodies to donor antigens cause agglutination.
D. It is possible to have more than one RBC antigen.
E. All of the choices are correct.
In ABO blood typing transfusions: hosts have antibodies only to antigens they lack, donors’ foreign antigens may cause severe reactions, host antibodies to donor antigens cause agglutination, and it is possible to have more than one RBC antigen

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: 6.5
Level of difficulty: Apply/Analyze
Question type: multiple choice
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood

50. ______________ saved many lives by developing a means to type blood.
A. T.H. Huxley
B. Louis Pasteur
C. Karl Landsteiner
D. Christian Barnard
E. William Beaumont
Karl Landsteiner saved many lives by developing a means to type blood.

Chapter reference: 6
Figure/section reference: Historical Focus
Level of difficulty: Remember/Understand
Question type: missing word sentence
Topic Area: Cardiovascular System: Blood