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LPN Hesi Exit 2020 NEW

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PN Hesi Exit 2020 NEW

Question 1    A school-age client with diabetes is placed on an intermediateacting insulin and regular insulin before breakfast and before dinner. She will receive a snack of milk and cereal at bedtime. What does the nurse tell the client the snack is intended to do? You Selected: • Prevent late night hypoglycemia. Correct response: • Prevent late night hypoglycemia. Question 2 A well-known public official of a small community is admitted to the emergency department following an episode of chest pain. Several nurses from the medical unit are aware of the admission and access the official’s electronic medical record to obtain a status update. What is the best response for the nurse manager to make to the nurses regarding this situation? You Selected: • “Assessing the official’s medical record is a breach of confidentiality.” Correct response: • “Assessing the official’s medical record is a breach of confidentiality.” Question 3 A four-year-old child is diagnosed as having acute lymphocytic leukemia. The white blood cell (WBC) count, especially the neutrophil count, is low. What is the most important intervention the nurse should teach the parents? You Selected: • Protect your child from infections because his resistance to infection is decreased Correct response: • Protect your child from infections because his resistance to infection is decreased Question 4 The nurse is caring for a client with influenza. The most effective way to decrease the spread of microorganisms is: You Selected: • placing the client in isolation. Correct response: • washing the hands frequently. Question 5   A client with a history of hypertension has been prescribed a new antihypertensive medication and is reporting dizziness. Which is the best way for the nurse to assess blood pressure? You Selected: • in the supine, sitting, and standing positions Correct response: • in the supine, sitting, and standing positions Question 6    A client has a soft wrist-safety device. Which assessment finding should the nurse investigate further? You Selected: • cool, pale fingers Correct response: • cool, pale fingers Question 7    A nurse is caring for a female client before surgery. The client states that she is glad that she will not be going through menopause as a result of her surgery and is only having her uterus removed. The nurse reviews the consent form and notes that the surgery is for a total abdominal hysterectomy with a salpingo-oophorectomy. What should the nurse do in this situation? You Selected: • Contact the surgeon to explain that the client needs further clarification regarding surgery. Correct response: • Contact the surgeon to explain that the client needs further clarification regarding surgery. Question 8    A young client diagnosed with schizophrenia is talking with the nurse and says, "You know, when I thought everyone was out to get me, I was staying in my apartment all the time. Now, I would like to get out and do things again." What is the best initial response by the nurse? You Selected: • "What activities did you enjoy in the past?" Correct response: • "What activities did you enjoy in the past?" Question 9    A client with anemia has been admitted to the medical-surgical unit. Which assessment findings are characteristic of iron deficiency anemia? You Selected: • nausea, vomiting, and anorexia Correct response: • dyspnea, tachycardia, and pallor Question 10    The nurse is discontinuing an intravenous catheter on a 10-year-old client with hemophilia. What would be the most important intervention for this client? You Selected: • Apply firm pressure on the site for 5 minutes after removal. Correct response: • Apply firm pressure on the site for 5 minutes after removal. Question 11    When a client returns from the recovery room postmastectomy, an initial postoperative assessment is performed by the nurse. What is the nurse’s priority assessment? You Selected: • checking the dressing, drain, and amount of drainage Correct response: • assessing the vital signs and oxygen saturation levels Question 12    A client with an uncomplicated term pregnancy arrives at the laborand-delivery unit in early labor saying that she thinks her water has broken. What is the nurse’s best action? You Selected: • Ask what time this happened and note the color, amount, and odor of the fluid. Correct response: • Ask what time this happened and note the color, amount, and odor of the fluid. Question 13    When documenting the care of a client, the nurse is aware of the need to use abbreviations conscientiously and safely. This includes You Selected: • ensuring the abbreviations are understandable to clients who may seek access to their health records Correct response: • limiting abbreviations to those approved for use by the institution Question 14   During routine prenatal screening, a nurse tells a client that her blood sample will be used for alpha fetoprotein (AFP) testing. Which statement best describes what AFP testing indicates? You Selected: • "This screening indicates if your baby's lungs are mature." Correct response: • "This test will screen for spina bifida, Down syndrome, or other genetic defects." Question 15    A client is recovering from an infected abdominal wound. Which foods should the nurse encourage the client to eat to support wound healing and recovery from the infection?